The main aim of the work has been to do modeling and calculations of the energy use, embodied emission and the total CO2-emissions for a typical Norwegian office building. The goal is to find the most important parameters in the design of a zero emission office building, according to the current ZEB definition.
The main aim of the work has been to do modeling and calculations of the energy use, embodied emission and the total CO2-emission for a typical Norwegian residential building. By doing this we try to reveal and study the main drivers for the CO2-emission, and also which performance is necessary for components and solutions in a Zero Emission Building according to the current Norwegian ZEBdefinition.
“Powerhouse” is an alliance that will demonstrate that it is possible to build plus-energy buildings in cold climates, such as in Norway. For the Powerhouse project in Trondheim (Brattørkaia 17a), PV panels will produce and offset the delivered energy needed during the operation and for compensating the embodied energy of the building. The building will thus export more electricity than it will use for operation. In a broader environmental perspective, an aim of this project is also to achieve the classification “Outstanding” in the BREEAM-NOR environmental certification scheme. Energy efficiency measures and materials with low embodied energy have been crucial for obtaining the energy goal. A very efficient ventilation and passive cooling concept is being developed. The architecture does highly reflect the plus-energy goal, both regarding the form and the energy production surfaces (roof and the facades). The Powerhouse project is a ZEB pilot building, i.e. a pilot within the Research Centre on Zero Emission Buildings. Therefore an aim is also very low greenhouse gas emissions during the building’s lifetime. Calculations indicate that the energy balance during the building’s lifetime, and within the defined definition, is close to the goal. However, there are still relative large uncertainties related to some of the figures, in particular the embodied energy for the materials.
The zero-energy project Skarpnes residential development in Arendal in Norway consists of a total of 40 dwelling units. The energy goal of the buildings is net zero-energy on a yearly level. In addition, the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) related to the operational energy of the buildings shall also be zero on an annual basis. There is also an aim achieving low embodied energy and GHG emissions related to the buildings materials and products. The thermal demand of the buildings will be covered by heat pumps and thermal solar collectors. To reach the zero energy/emission goal, the roofs are partly covered by PV. Current simulation indicates that around 30 m² PV-area is needed to achieve the zero energy/emission goal for a single family house. The production of solar electricity in summer will exceed the demand of the buildings, and export of energy to the grid will be necessary.